The end of the last century saw the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, marked by the technology-based fusion of biological, digital, and physical worlds that is not changing the way people work but is in fact driven by the way people work. In recent decades, the business landscape has undergone tremendous change. People rarely stay in one job for decades, for example. Changes in social behavior and demographic shifts (notably, the arrival of Millennials, who gravitate toward flexible and entrepreneurial careers) have altered the shape of the workforce. In the wake of the Great Recession, the gig economy has arisen to help workers achieve independent “job security,” and personal marketability, and better work-life balance (with the standard “9 to 5” schedule is on its way out). And digitally connected work environments are displacing traditional brick-and-mortar office space.